there are references to types of people who are not men and not women. Biology determines whether a human's chromosomal and anatomical sex is male, female, or one of the uncommon variations on this sexual dimorphism that can create a degree of ambiguity known as intersex. "One Plus One Makes Three: Buddhist Gender, Monasticism, and the Law of the Non-Excluded Middle". 77 Middle East edit North American indigenous cultures edit Main article: Two Spirit Two Spirit is a modern umbrella term used by some indigenous North Americans to describe certain spiritual people 10 14 gay, lesbian, bisexual and gender-variant individuals in their communities. The Tralfamadorian race has five sexes. One such symbol expression is the figure of His Sakti.
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A b Jackson, Peter. The gay American Indian and Alaska Native males agreed to use the term "Two Spirit" to replace the controversial "berdache" term. Jackson;": "it appears that among the early Buddhist communities men who engaged in receptive anal sex were seen as feminized and thought to be hermaphrodites. In Peletz' book, "Gender, Sexuality, and Body Politics in Modern Asia he describes: 18 For our purposes, the term "gender" designates the cultural categories, symbols, meanings, practices, and institutionalized arrangements bearing on at least five sets of phenomena: (1) females and femininity; (2) males and. A sex/gender system which recognizes only the following two social norms has been labeled " heteronormative ". Archived from the original on b c d e f Estrada, Gabriel S (2011). The appropriate pronouns are ae and aer. "A Spirit of Belonging, Inside and Out". All these roles share the traits of devotion to a goddess, gender transgression and receptive anal sex, ecstatic ritual techniques (for healing, in the case of kal and Mesopotamian priests, and fertility in the case of hijra and actual (or symbolic) castration. New York: Routledge, 2010.